Chesterfield began as a Roman fort and was constructed roughly 70 AD. The Romans most likely settled here because the area was very abundant in natural minerals like lead, coal and tin. The Roman fort later on was found to have likewise been constructed on an old iron-age fort. It is believed that by the early 2nd century the Romans had no longer a need for the fort and proceeded leaving it abandoned.
The town was later on called by the Saxons. Their name for a Roman fort was caester and they called the wide open fields where cattle grazed a Feld. So when the Saxons arrived and settled they called the area Caester Feld which by the 10th Century was changed to Chesterfield. By now however, the small settlement had actually promptly become a thriving village. It took 2 centuries for Chesterfield to end up being a thriving town. A Charter approved by King John in 1204 gave the Lord of The Manor the right to hold routine markets and even a fair, which lasted for 8 days during September, when a year.
In 2004 Chesterfield’s “Open Air Market” commemorated it’s 800th Anniversary of it’s official opening.
As time went on life was not constantly best in Chesterfield. It’s main market in the center ages was the making of wool although leather was prominent too with plenty of Skinners, Tanners, Glovers and Saddlers. The wool industry grew until the 17th Century before dying out but the leather work continued to prosper till the 18th Century.
Simply like everywhere else in the 16th century the Black Death struck. There was an extreme break out in 1586-1587and unluckily, Chesterfield was hit once again in 1608.
Chesterfield was somewhat unconcerned to the industrial transformation of the 18th Century however gradually continued to grow with the help of better interactions helped by the building of “TurnPike “roadways, the chesterfield canal and the arrival of rail, thanks to George Stephenson, who lived at Tapton House from 1838– 1848 and is now buried in the Holy Trinity Church.
In 1892 the boundary of the borough was altered and the close-by settlement of Brampton entered into Chesterfield. This was the first of many modifications and a sign that Chesterfield was a successful and growing town. By this time it had its own independent police and fire brigade.
Much more changes were quickly to come along starting with the intro of Electric street lights and cable cars, which were quickly ditched, as Chesterfield lastly overtook it’s neighbouring towns and took part with the commercial revolution. The 20th Century had actually shown up.
With the intro of Council homes in the 20’s and 30’s, the additional boundary changes bringing Hasland and Newbold into the folds of Chesterfield and the structure of the brand-new Town Hall( 1938 ), Pomegranate Theatre (1949) and The Nth Derbyshire Royal Hospital (1984 ), Chesterfield began to look much the same as it does today.
To date Chesterfield boasts, in addition to it’s conventional markets, a Shopping centre opened in 1981 in addition to an even newer Shopping centre opened in 2000 as tourist of the peak district and the retail market have actually taken precedent over the stopping working manufacturing market.
So there you have it a short history of Chesterfield.
One now wonders what will the present hi tech world of computers and the web have in store for this Historic Market Town.
Chesterfield began out as a Roman fort and was built roughly 70 ADVERTISEMENT. When the Saxons showed up and settled they called the area Caester Feld which by the 10th Century was altered to Chesterfield. It took 2 centuries for Chesterfield to end up being a growing town. There was a severe break out in 1586-1587and unfortunately, Chesterfield was hit once again in 1608.
In 1892 the limit of the district was altered and the nearby settlement of Brampton ended up being part of Chesterfield.